Clarification on Removal of Restriction on Refund of Accumulated Input Tax Credit on Fabrics

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Circular No.56/30/2018-GST

F.No. 354/290/2018-TRU

Government of India

Ministry of Finance

Department of Revenue

Tax Research Unit

****

North Block, New Delhi 24th August, 2018

To,

The Principal Chief Commissioners/Chief Commissioners/

Principal Commissioners/ Commissioner of Central  Tax (All)/

The Principal Director Generals/ Director Generals (All)

Madam/Sir,

Subject: Clarificaiton regarding removal of restriction of refund of accumulated ITC on fabrics – reg.

Certain doubts have been raised regarding the applicability and intent of notification No. 20/2018-Central Tax (Rate) dated 26th July, 2018 (which seeks to amend notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) dated 28.06.2017) relating to the provision for lapsing of input tax credit accumulated on account of inverted duty structure on fabrics for the period upto the 31st July, 2018.

2. The said notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) was issued in exercise of powers vested under section 54 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017(CGST Act, 2017). It notifies the items on which refund of accumulated input tax credit on account of inverted duty structure is not allowed. Some of the items notified under this notification are fabrics. A total 10 categories of fabrics covered in the notification are as follows:

S.No.Tariff item, heading, sub-heading or ChapterDescription of Goods
(1)(2)(3)
1.
5007Woven fabrics of silk or of silk waste
2.5111 to 5113Woven fabrics of wool or of animal hair
3.5208 to 5212Woven fabrics of cotton
4.5309 to 5311Woven fabrics of other vegetable textile fibres, paper yarn
5.5407, 5408Woven fabrics of man made textile materials
6.5512 to 5516Woven fabrics of manmade staple fibres
6A#5608Knotted netting of twine, cordage or rope; made up fishing nets and other made up nets, of textile materials
6B#5801Corduroy fabrics
6C#5806Narrow woven fabrics, other than goods of heading 5807; narrow fabrics consisting of warp without weft assembled by means of an adhesive
7.60Knitted or crocheted fabrics [All goods]

*Inserted in the month of Sep 17, #Inserted in the month of Nov 17.

3. In the 281h GST Council meeting, it was decided to remove the restriction of not allowing refund of ITC accumulated on account of inverted duty structure on fabrics with prospective effect on the input supplies received  after the date of issue of notification. It was also decided to  simultaneously lapse the accumulated ITC, lying unutilised,  for the past period, after the payment of GST for the month of July, 2018.  Accordingly, to give effect to this decision,  the notification No. 20/2018-Central  Tax (Rate) has been issued amending notification No.  5/2017-Central Tax(Rate).  To keep the accounting simple, it  was decided to make these changes effective from the 1st   day of August, 2018.

4. Vide the said notification No.  20/2018-Central Tax (Rate), the following proviso has been inserted in notification No.  5/2017-Central  Tax (Rate).

Provided that,

(i)   nothing contained  in this notification shall apply to the input tax credit accumulated on supplies received on or after the Iday of August,  2018,  in respect of goods mentioned  at serial numbers  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  6A,  6B,  6C and 7 of the Table below; and

(ii)  in  respect of said goods, the accumulated input tax credit lying unutilised in balance,  after payment of tax for and upto the month  of July,  2018,    on the inward supplies received up to the 3Fday ofJuly 2018,  shall lapse..

5. The doubts raised,  with  reference to changes made vide  notification No. 20/2018- Central  Tax (Rate) are as follows:

(I) Whether  this notification seeks to lapse all the input  tax credit lying unutilised after payment of tax upto the month of July.  2018?

(2) Whether unutilised ITC  in respect of services and capital goods shall also be disallowed?

(3) Implication to fabrics like cotton and silk where there was no inverted duty structure?

(4)  Whether  accumulated ITC in respect of exports shall also be made to lapse?

6. The matter has been examined. Section 54 of the CGST Act,  2017 provides for refund of accumulated credit on inputs on account  of inverted  duty structure, i.e., GST rate on inputs being  higher than the GST rates on finished goods. However, proviso (ii) to section 54 (3) provides that in respect of notified goods, the refund of such accumulated input tax credit shall not be allowed. Notification No.  5/2017-Central  Tax (Rate) has been issued in terms of this provision and it interalia prescribes that refund of accumulated ITC on account of inverted duty structure shall not be allowed in respect of fabrics as mentioned in para 2. Therefore, the restriction of refund of accumulated ITC under notification No.  5/2017-Central Tax (rate) dated 28.06.2017 is  applicable only in respect of refund of accumulated ITC on inputs.  This notification does not put any restriction in relation to the ITC on input services and capital goods.

7. The proviso has to be read  with the principal part of  the notification.  A comprehensive reading of amended notification makes it clear that the proviso seeks to lapse only  such  input  tax  credit  which  is  the  subject  matter  of  principal  notification,   i.e. accumulated credit on account of inverted duty structure in respect of stated fabrics. The net effect of clause (ii)   in the said proviso is that it provides for lapsing of input tax credit that would have been refundable in terms of section 54 of the Act, for the period prior to the 31st July,  2018, but for the restriction imposed vide said notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) and that too to the extent of accumulated ITC lying unutilised after making payment of GST upto the month of July, 2018. In other words, in terms of amended notification, the input tax credit on account of inverted duty structure lying in balance after payment of GST for the month of July (on purchases made on or before the 31st July, 2018) shall lapse.

8. As the notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) does not put any restriction in respect of ITC on input services and capital goods, therefore the proviso now inserted in the said notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax (Rate) vide notification No. 2012018does not affect the ITC availed on input services and capital goods.

9. As regards, the legislative power of providing for lapsing of input tax credit, the same flows inherently from the power to deny refund of accumulated ITC on account of inverted structure.

10. Doubts have also been raised as regards the manner of calculating the ITC amount accumulated on account of inverted duty structure on the inputs of said fabrics that would lapse on account of above stated change. It is clarified that for determination of such amount, the formula as prescribed in rule 89 (5) of the CGST rules shall mutatis mutandis apply as it applies for determination of refundable amount for inverted duty structure. Such amount shall be determined for the months from July, 2017 to July 2018 [or for the relevant period for such fabrics on which refund was blocked subsequently by inserting entries in notification No.  5/2017-Central  Tax  (Rate)].  The  accumulated  input tax  credit  determined by  each supplier using the prescribed formula lying unutilised in balance after making the payment of GST for the month of July, 2018 shall lapse.

Illustrations:

(1) A manufacture who produces only manmade fibre fabrics,  had a turnover of Rs 5 crore for  the period from  July, 2017 to July 2018[or for  the relevant period for fabrics on which refund was blocked subsequently by inserting entries in notification No. 512017Central Tax  (Rate)].  Tax payable  thereon  is  Rs   25  lakh  (@  5%). Assuming the net ITC availed on inputs, during this period, was Rs 30 lakh. Applying the formula prescribed  in rule 89 (5), the accumulated ITC on account of inverted duty structure comes to Rs 5 lakh. In other words,  this manufacturer has accumulated Rs 5 lakh on inputs on account of inverted duty structure during the said period. If ITC balance lying unutilized with him is more than this amount, say Rs 10 lakh,  the ITC equal to Rs 5 lakh will only lapse.  However, iffor  any reason, the ITC balance lying unutilized is less than Rs 5 lakh, say Rs 3 lakh,  the ITC equal  to Rs 3 lakh will lapse.

(2) A  manufacture  who produces,  say,  grey manmade fibre  fabrics and cotton fabrics, had a turnover  of Rs 5 crore and 2 crore respectively  for  manmade fabrics   and cotton fabrics  for  the  months  .from July,  2017  to July  2018[or  for  the  relevant  periodfor fabrics   on which  refund  was blocked  subsequently   by inserting  entries  in notification No.  512017-Central  Tax (Rate)}.  Tax payable   thereon  is Rs 25 lakh  on MMFfabrics and Rs 10 lakh on cotton fabrics.  MMF fabric  has inverted  duty structure  while  cotton fabric   does not have inverted  duty structure.   Assuming  the net ITC  availed  on inputs, during  this period,  was Rs 35 lakh, ie,

=   {(J’urnover of inverted rated supply of goods+ Adjusted Total Turnover) x

      Net ITC} =tax payable on such inverted rated supply of goods

The accumulated ITC on account of inverted duty structure shall be equal to nil (5!7*35-25). Thus no amount shall lapse.  However, assuming that in this case the ITC availed on input is Rs 42 lakh, the accumulated ITC on accounted on inverted duty structure is Rs 5 lakh (5/7*4225)

The manner of calculation as provided in rule 89(5) would mutatis mutandis apply.

10.1  As illustrated, the application of formula prescribed in rule 89(5) ensures that ITC relating to capital goods and input services does not lapse.

11. However, a manufacturer may have closing stock of finished goods and inputs as on 31.7.2018. A doubt has been raised as to whether input tax relating thereto shall also lapse and concern has been expressed that this would amount to double taxation. It is clarified that the proposed amendment seeks to lapse only such credit that has been accumulated on inputs on account of inverted duty structure. Therefore, in case a manufacturer, whose accumulated ITC is liable to lapse in terms of said notification, has certain stock lying in balance as on 31.7.2018, the input tax credit involved in inputs contained in such stock (including  inputs lying as such) may be excluded for determination of  Net ITC for the purposes of applying the said formula. For this purpose, the ITC relating to inputs contained in stock may be determined in the manner as provided in S. No. 7 of Form GST ITC-01.

12. As regards  the  applicability of said proviso to cotton,  silk  and other natural fibre fabrics,  which  do not suffer inverted  duty  structure,  this  is clarified  that the said condition  of lapsing  of  ITC would apply only if input tax credit on inputs has been accumulated   on account  of inverted duty  structure. The aforesaid  formula  takes  care of this aspect.

13. As regards  accumulated ITC in relation  to exports, the refund of such ITC on exports is  separately determined under rule 89(4).  Application of  formula,  as prescribed in rule 89(5), ensures that accumulated ITC on exports  does not lapse as this formula excludes zero rated   supplies. Further notification No. 5/2017-Central  Tax (Rate) does not impose any restriction of refunds on zero rated supplies as was also larified vide CGST circular no. 18/2017-Central Tax  dated 16th November, 2017.  Hence the proviso has no applicability to the input tax credit relating to zero rated supplies. Accordingly, accumulated ITC on zero rated supplies shall not lapse.  This is  ensured by application  of formula.

14. The procedureto be followed for lapsing of accumulated input tax credit: A taxable person, whose input tax credit is liable to be lapsed in terms of said notification, shall calculate the amount of such accumulated ITC, in the manner as clarified This amount shall, upon self-assessment, be furnished by such person in his GSTR 3B return for the month of August, 2018. The amount shall be furnished in column 4B (2) of the return [ITC amount to be reversed for any reason (others)].  Verification of accumulated ITC amount so lapsed may be done at the time of filing of first refund (on account of inverted duty structure on fabrics) by such person.  Therefore, a detailed calculation sheet in respect of accumulated ITC lapsed shall be prepared by the taxable person and furnished at the time of filing of first refund claim on account of inverted duty structure.

15. Difficulty,  if any,  in the implementation of this circular should be brought to the notice of the

Yours faithfully,

Rahil Gupta
Technical Officer (TRU)
Email: rahil.gupta@gov.in

Download GST Circular No. 56/20180 Dated 24-08-2018 – PDF Format – Download Here

 

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