There is no need to maintain detailed books of accounts or to spend unnecessary time on separating the personal expenses from the business expenses. The special scheme which report your income is known as ‘Estimated Income Scheme for Small Professionals (Sec 44ADA)’. The word presumptive means that the income of the person is deemed and actual numbers do not have to be reported. Therefore, the tax is to be paid on the assumed income not on the actual income. An assessee his income as per the Scheme is not required to maintain books of accounts (u/s 44AA) nor to get accounts audited (u/s 44AB).
Earlier the businessman was only eligible to enjoy this scheme but now professional can also enjoy the benefits of this scheme. The benefits of the scheme lie in the ease and simplicity of return filing.
Applicability of Estimated Income Scheme for Small Professionals
The estimated income scheme for small professional is applicable for those whose gross receipt do not exceed Rs.50 lakh in a previous year u/s 44ADA. An assesee may, however declare a higher income in his return.
Income from any other business or profession (not covered under this scheme) and under other heads, shall be computed separately as per normal provisions, and then aggregated with the estimated income under the scheme, and subject to tax in according with the normal provisions.
The assessee is resident and engaged in a profession referred to in section 44AA(1)
- architectural profession
- technical consultancy
- interior decoration
- any other profession as is notified by the Board
Features of Presumptive Schemes for Professionals
This scheme allows the small tax payers to reduce their burden and help them to focus on their work only. Businesses with turnover of Rs.2 crore or less can easily opt for this scheme. Features introduced under section 44ADA are as below:
- ¬ This scheme is available to professionals such as software engineers, doctors, lawyers, Chartered accountants, architect, graphic designer, interior decorators etc. The person those who are self-employed but not working for an employer.
- ¬ Professionals can go for this scheme only if their total receipts in one financial year are Rs.50 lakh or less.
- ¬ Income of the person should be assumed to be 50% of total receipts.
- ¬ For income tax return, details of all the expenses are not required to be provided.
- ¬ Professionals are not required to keep the formal accounting records.
- ¬ Those who opt for the scheme can file income tax return in ITR-4 (Sugam) instead in the ITR-3. Historically, ITR-4 (Sugam) has been a much shorter form.
Dis allowance of Deductions under Business Head
All deductions under sections 30 to 38, including depreciation and unabsorbed depreciation, are deemed to have been already allowed and no further deduction is allowed under these sections. Even salary/ interest to partners is not deductible under “Estimated Income Scheme for Small Professionals”.
The written down value is calculated, where necessary, as if depreciation as applicable has been allowed.
Moreover, it will be assumed that disallowance, if any, under sections 40, 40A and 43B has been considered while calculating the estimated income @ 50 per cent.
Declaration of Lower Income Consequences
If an assessee declare his income to be lower than the deemed profits and gains as stated above then the following consequences are applicable
- The assessee will have to maintain the books of account as per section 44AA, if his total income exceeds the exemption limit.
- The assessee will have to get his books of account audited under section 44AB (irrespective of turnover), if his total income exceeds the exemption limit.
In case treating 50% income as expenses seems to be low and your actual expenses are higher, you may not opt for this scheme as this scheme is optional. In this case a person may continue to file his/ her return in ITR-4 and can claim all the actual expenses. After claiming expenses, on the remaining income tax is paid but the person has to keep proper records of the accounting. As well as details of profit and loss account is also prepared.
Advance Tax Payment
The assesee who is declaring his income under estimated income scheme for small professionals shall be required to deposit whole amount of advance tax for the financial year by 15th of March of the year.
This new scheme (Estimated Income Scheme for Small Professionals) of filing tax return is beneficial to many professionals who are self-employed such as doctors, graphic designers, software experts and freelance writers etc.
Example to understand the scheme u/s 44ADA
Mr A is a doctor has the following details for the A.Y.2019-20.
|Gross receipts from practice||35 Lakh|
|Rent from house property||1,20,000|
|Interest on securities/bonds||2,50,000|
|Saving bank interest||15,000|
|Particulars||Amount (Rs.)||Amount (Rs.)|
|Income from Profession|
|Deemed income from profession under “Estimated income scheme for small professionals” u/s 44ADA i.e 50% of Rs.35 Lakh||17,50,000||17,500,000|
|Income from House Property|
|Gross Annual Value||Rs.1,20,000|
|Less: 30% of Standard Deduction||Rs. 36,000||Rs.84,000|
|Income from Other Sources|
|Interest on securities/bonds||2,50,000|
|Saving Bank Interest||15,000||2,65,000|
|Gross Total Income||20,99,000|
|u/s 80c PPF/LIP||1,50,000|
|u/s 80D Mediclaim||25,000|
|u/s 80TTA Saving Bank Interest||10,000||1,85,000|
|Taxable Income||19,14,000 (Calculate Income Tax Here)|